Applying theory of career construction to case study - 2144 Words - NerdySeal (2022)

The purpose of this case study is to apply Savickas’ Theory of Career Construction to a volunteer client Karen. Complete a narrative interview using the structured interview questions in the Career Style Interview, and employing the six steps. Discuss interpretations, observations and obtain her feedback.

Theoretical foundation of Career Construction Theory

The theoretical foundation of Career Construction theory (CCT) has its beginnings from Constructivism, and according to Sharf (2009) Constructivism is a psychological approach that has developed out of a postmodern philosophical position. It has been stated the Postmodernism period was a “ reaction to modernism”, in that it highlighted the differences in individual views rather than a one-sided, rational scientific view of modernism. (Sharf 2009) Constructivist saw individuals as creators of their own destiny, and constructivist counselors sought to help clients discover that meaning and resolve any discrepancy. (Sharf 2009)

According to (Sharf 2009, p316) the constructivism approach was greatly affected by the changing of the work environments in the 1970’s. Employees were no longer staying with one position for their whole work life, as companies were becoming “ less loyal” to employees and watching out for own bottom-line by “ downsizing” their workforce to “ part-time”. Employees soon discovered they needed to take charge of their future and looked to career counselors for help. According to (Busacca, 2007) constructivist career counseling attempts to answer one question “ how can an individual negotiate a lifetime job changes and not lose a sense of self?”

Career construction theory (CCT) came about to help individuals develop meaning out of their career choices and actions. CCT addresses how an individual’s “ career”, is made from its personal and social constructs or interactions. These constructs are not actual real reality, but an individual’s representation of that reality. CCT defines career as an objective and subjective construct. Objectively speaking, career is a listing of positions from the past to present. Subjectively, career is the personal meaning or a pattern of experiences from past, present and future. (Savickas, 2005, p43)

CCT is made of three distinct perspectives and each seeks to determine how the individual views their life and career, and how they work together. (Busacca, 2007) These perspectives are life theme, career adaptability, and vocational personality.

The Purpose and the Suppositions

The purpose of CCT is to help the individual discover the subjective meaning in their work. In helping the individual discover this type of meaning, CCT stress the importance of the relationship between the individual and the counselor.

Life themes

In Holland’s career development theory, his inventories were used to obtain critical information about the individual, and make predictions about a career path, and also the likely hood of success along this path. Career construction theory takes advantage of the individual’s narrated work stories to discover any meanings or patterns. (Busacca, 2007) It has been stated that “ pattern is the primary unit of meaning”. “ By consciously organizing and binding together these discrete experiences, a unifying life theme patterns” (Savickas 2005, p 58) “ patterns becomes a fundamental and essential way of being because it provides a way for individuals to see themselves and see what is important in the world.” (Savickas, 2005 p58)

During a counseling session the individual is encouraged to tell about their work positions, experiences. They are also asked to develop a story linking career related experiences from the past to the present. The story becomes the focus of attention as individual narrates the counselor through their work and life stories. The counselor plays a less active role and listens for patterns in the individual’s story. (Busacca, 2007)

Career Adaptability

Once an individual has discovered a life theme, how they go about coping with the process of connecting with social expectations and “ how” they construct their careers is the next step. (Savickas, 2005) Career counselors begin to ask questions of the individual such as “ How did you decide on that career?’ This is an important question to ask, because it relates to how the individual is choosing to cope or react to their social expectations. (Savickas 2005) stated adaptation was the interaction of “ self” and “ society” and it is this interaction where an individual develops their attitudes, beliefs, problem-solving and coping mechanisms. He went on to discuss four stages of adaptation resources. These resources are concern, control, curiosity and confidence. (Savickas, 2005)

During the career concern stage, a career counselor focuses on whether an individual is concern about their future. A statement commonly made by individuals in this stage would be “ Do I have a future.” A lack of career concern has a likelihood of becoming indifference which usually reflects a feeling of pessimism about the future. Career concern is important because it helps the individual to relate their current activities to future endeavors. The goal of this stage is the building of continuity of past and future career activities. (Savickas, 2005) (Busacca, 2007)

The career control stage, a career counselor focuses on whether the individual feels or believes they are responsible for their careers. A statement commonly made by individuals in this stage would be “ Who owns my future?” The lack of career control has a likelihood of becoming career indecisiveness and can lead to attitudes of indecision. The goal of this stage is deciding by clarifying choices. (Savickas, 2005) (Busacca, 2007)

The career curiosity stage, a career counselor focuses on whether the individual has discovered fit between self and the world of work. A statement commonly made by individuals in this stage would be “ What do I want to do with my future?” The lack of career curiosity has the likelihood of becoming naïve about work options. The goal of this stage is exploration, learning about self and clarifying values. (Savickas, 2005) (Busacca, 2007)

The career confidence stage, a career counselor would focuses on whether the individual displayed self esteem, self efficacy and encouragement. A statement commonly made by an individual in this stage would be “ Can I do it?” A lack of career confidence has a likelihood of becoming unmotivated and unwilling to obtain their goals. The goal of this stage is to increase self acceptance, develop problem solving abilities and encourage the willingness to try even when things look dark. (Busacca, 2007) (Savickas, 2005)

Vocational Personality

According to (Savickas, 2005) an individual’s personality begins in the family, neighborhoods, and school. As that individual grows up, their characteristics are displayed everyday while doing housework, completing hobbies and playing games. CCT views these characteristics possibilities or “ hypothesis” to explore for the discovering meaning. Unlike Holland’s RAISEC which use an objective person-environment fit, CCT uses a subjective approach in demonstrating to the individual how they are similar to others in a given field, and share common feelings and ideas about work related activities.

Account of Session with Karen

Career Style Interview with Karen

Karen is 46 year old divorced African American women with three adult children. She attended Central Florida College and has received her Associates in Health information management. She is currently attending classes at University of Phoenix, and is enrolled in the Healthcare Administration program. Karen started her employment at a nursing home at the age of 18. At the nursing home she held the position for Nurses Aide for four years. Karen says after that four years she demonstrated to the management team the characteristics of commitment and dedication. Karen was promoted to unit clerk at the nursing home. She held that position for two years and was again promoted to medical record where she held the title of medical records specialist for five years. Karen reports she was then laid off from the nursing home for four months. She kept her faith and was able to secure a position as a receptionist at a law firm. She kept that position for 6 months and obtained a position a major hospital in the medical records department. She worked in that department for next nine years. Once again she was promoted, now to Compliance officer, where she helped enforce the policies and procedures of the hospital. After one year she was asked by hospital administration to manage the medical records department and is currently the director of medical records.

The Career Style Interview is currently being used to elicit self defining stories and identify Karen’s life themes and patterns.

How can I as a counselor be helpful to you in constructing your career?

When asked how career counseling could be helpful, Karen replied ” I’ve been told I need to look into changing fields from healthcare to business administration. So If I needed to use the services of a career counselor, it would be to help me map out a plan to switch me to the business program.

Whom did you admire when you were growing up?

Karen replied when she was growing up she admired her sister Vernice. Vernice display strong character and tenacity to get through hard times. Karen connected with this aspect because she often wanted or need the strength to go on despite many adversities in her own life. Karen admired her mother next. Her mother has been ridiculed with numerous health issues and her mother kept her faith in God and fought back when others had given up on her. She next admired Michelle Obama for her sincerity and her down to earth presentation. She state, “ when Michelle speaks I can believe it, because I know she is speaking from the heart.”

Describe your favorite magazine, book, and TV show.

Karen states her favorite magazine is Essence magazine. She states, “ the magazine affects the culture of African American and is very informative. She mentions her favorite book is F. and her favorite TV show is Little house on the prairie. She says, “ I love that show because it’s Christian based and it country, and I love the county.”

What are your favorite hobbies and leisure time activities?

Karen states her favorite hobby is bowling. She replies, “ I like bowling because it can be done by yourself or with a group. You can be competitive or just relaxing.

Do you have any favorite mottos?

Karen states her favorite motto is “ you can do all things through Christ that strengths you.”

What are your favorite and worse subjects in high school?

Karen states her favorite subject is high school was creative writing, history. I love to writing and telling a story and being the center of attention.

What career did you parents want you to follow?

When asked what career did you parents believe you would be well suited for she replied, ” My parents wanted me to be a medical doctor.

Describe for me four early recollections and give a story title for each one.

Summertime in the Country; we did have a TV and when we got done working in the fields, we would go down to the creek. The creek is where everyone would be and we would eat watermelons until we were fat.

New adventures at the beach: one summer when I was eighteen, a group of three boys and two girls went to the beach to go horseback riding. I was scared at first, because the horse didn’t have a saddle on it.

Bring life unto the world; I remember the birth of my first child, who is dead now. I he was still alive today he would be twenty-five. I love him and I enjoy having the bundle of joy in my arms.

The obedience to God: when I was eighteen, I gave a speech to the people at the church. Back then I was good at speaking. I spoke with such a demanding tone everyone in the church stopped and listen. To this day that was one of the best speeches I ever gave.

Karen’s Vocational Personality, Career Adaptability and Life Theme

Using (Savikas, 2005, p62) six steps I first make sense out of Karen’s stories by reviewing how career counseling can be helpful. In response to my introductory question “ How can I be helpful to you in constructing you career”? Karen stated she wanted to be more organize, structured and have a action-oriented goal plan. Karen recognized she is not getting as much done as she would like to be. She also recognizes that structure gives her the strength to be methodical, which is one of the characteristics her role model Matlock displayed. She is attempting to exert some career concern and control over her future. Karen mentions “ organized” and “ action-oriented goal plan” and these three terms reflect on Karen’s level of adaptability. By seeking organization and action oriented goal plans, she is directly providing answers the question “ Do I have a future” (career concern), “ Who own my future (career control) and “ Can I do it” (career confidence)

Second, I look for the verbs in her early recollection.

Third, Examining headlines to early recollections

Fourth, moving from Preoccupation to Occupation

Observations of Karen

Counseling Session with Karen

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FAQs

What are the three parts to career construction theory? ›

constitute the three main components of the career construction theory: life themes (why), professional personality (what) and career adaptability (how).

What are the three components are career construction theory that address the what how and why aspects of career development? ›

Career construction theory consists of three main components: life theme, professional personality, and career adaptability.

What is the first goal of career construction theory? ›

- Career construction theory, simply stated, holds that individuals build their careers by imposing meaning on vocational behavior.

What are the goals of career construction theory? ›

In replacing scores with stories, career construction theory focuses on how individuals use their vocational personality to adapt to a sequence of job changes while remaining faithful to oneself and recognizable by others.

What are the four basic career development theories? ›

Career Development Theories for the past 75 years fall into four categories: Trait Factor - Matching personal traits to occupations-Frank Parson's (1920's) Psychological - Personality types matching work environment- Holland (1980's) Decision - Situational or Sociological- Bandura ( Self Efficacy-1970's)

What are the five stages of the developmental model for career counseling? ›

What are the five stages of the developmental model for career counseling? In the developmental model what should clients focus on? In the Decision Skills Domain, the five stages referred to as the CASVE cycle, include: communication, analysis, synthesis, valuing and execution.

What are the four factors of career adaptability? ›

Career adaptability is a multidimensional construct that, according to Savickas' (2013) model, consists of four aspects: concern, control, curiosity, and confidence.

How can I improve my career adaptability? ›

How to develop your adaptability skills
  1. Learn from others. As is the case with learning a whole range of critical soft skills, learning to better navigate change and become adaptable is best done from others. ...
  2. Find the silver lining. ...
  3. Be willing to make mistakes. ...
  4. Ask questions.

What is the first thing a person must develop towards career adaptation? ›

In the theory of career adaptability, career concern is regarded as the first and most important dimension, which addresses the question “do I have a future?” It means that an individual can pay attention to his/her own future career (Savickas, 2005).

What is a career Construction interview? ›

The Career Construction Interview (CCI) is a five-question narrative-based assessment that helps facilitate the career decision-making process by illuminating people's values and how they wish to display that value to the world.

What are career development theories? ›

Career development theory is the study of career paths, success and behavior. It aims to explain why a person might be a good fit for a certain career and provide advice on how to attain a promising trajectory.

What is an effective method of experience identification? ›

What is an effective method of experience identification? Who suggested that functional/transferable skills can best be identified by using a "quick job hunting map." Besides helping clients who have lost their jobs cope with personal problems associated with job loss, what other approach is used.

What are the two major concepts of social cognitive career theory? ›

Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) seeks to explain three interrelated aspects of career development: (1) how basic academic and career interests develop, (2) how educational and career choices are made, and (3) how academic and career success is obtained.

What is career construction Counselling? ›

Career construction counselling involves the search for a strategy to enable clients to author their career-life stories.

What is theory of work adjustment? ›

The Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) describes the relationship of the individual to his or her work environment. TWA was developed as the guiding framework for a program of research in vocational psychology, and this is the area of its greatest application today.

Are there six main career theories? ›

There are six basic types of work environments: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional. "Work" includes doing things to achieve a purpose, like paid and unpaid jobs, volunteering, sports, or hobbies.

What are the advantages of career development? ›

The Importance of Career Progression
  • Gives a sense of purpose. ...
  • Increases satisfaction rates. ...
  • Decreases stress. ...
  • Creates new opportunities. ...
  • Boosts engagement & productivity.

What is the most important step in the career planning process? ›

Proper and thorough career planning is the key to choosing an occupation that will lead to many years of fulfillment and satisfaction. The career planning process has four components: (1) Self Assessment, (2) Career Exploration, (3) Career Identification, and (4) Action Plan.

What is self-concept theory of career development? ›

Super states that in making a vocational choice individuals are expressing their self-concept, or understanding of self, which evolves over time. People seek career satisfaction through work roles in which they can express themselves and further implement and develop their self-concept.

What factors play the role in the development of career roles and identity? ›

The analysis revealed that the process of career identity formation is comprised of three important components; which are exploration, commitment, and reconsideration. Moreover, the analysis also revealed that various factors influence the career identity development process.

What are adaptability skills? ›

Adaptability is a soft skill that means being able to rapidly learn new skills and behaviours in response to changing circumstances. Employers usually look for adaptability when hiring new staff and the skill is often included in job descriptions because of its importance for growth within a role.

Which two concepts have the biggest impact in predicting career adaptability? ›

Self-esteem and social support positively predict young adults' career adaptability above and beyond the effects of demographics.

What is career adaptation? ›

Career adaptability means the psychosocial resources to cope with changing work and working conditions. It involves the ability to adapt to changing tasks, engage in continued self-learning, and regulate one's career direction.

Why is adaptability skills important? ›

Benefits of being adaptable

Being adaptable means working without boundaries, and being open to finding diverse and unexpected solutions to problems and challenges in the workplace. Without limitations on your thinking and actions, challenges become something not to dread, but to seize and enjoy working through.

Why is adaptability important for students? ›

It helps students adapt to new situations and develop new skills more quickly. Plus, adaptable students are more likely to have higher self-confidence and satisfaction in their lives. Teachers have a collective responsibility to prepare their students to embrace and adapt to challenge and change.

Why is it important to adapt to change? ›

Adaptability expands your capacity to handle change, no matter how serious it might be. Instead of throwing away your energy trying to change your circumstance, you will change yourself right from within, thus making you thrive in whatever situation you find yourself.

How do you adapt to new situations? ›

Use these 5 tips to effectively adapt to change and guide your team forward:
  1. Be curious. Ask lots of questions. ...
  2. Don't get too attached to a single plan or strategy. Have Plan B (and C) at the ready.
  3. Create support systems. ...
  4. Understand your own reactions to change. ...
  5. Immerse yourself in new environments and situations.

How are you able to adapt to change give an example? ›

I find I adapt readily to changes—for example, I was working a busy dinner shift when a large party unexpectedly arrived. Although our dining room appeared full, I thought quickly and reconfigured the dining room to accommodate the additional guests. As a result, we had our highest night of sales that year.

How do you adapt to any changes at work? ›

9 Tips for Adapting to Change in the Workplace in 2022
  1. Look at the Positives. ...
  2. Embrace Change. ...
  3. Prepare Yourself for the Upcoming Change. ...
  4. Change Your Mindset with a New Perspective. ...
  5. Set New Goals for Yourself. ...
  6. Communicate Your Concerns or Fears. ...
  7. Focus on What You Can Control. ...
  8. Write Down the Worst Case Scenario.
Dec 9, 2021

What is the career maturity inventory? ›

The Career Maturity Inventory (CMI) is a 50-item standardized measure designed to assess the process of how adolescents and adults approach career development tasks.

What is Mark Savickas theory? ›

Mark Savickas demonstrates his narrative counseling method for helping clients to fit work into their lives, rather than fit themselves to jobs. This approach looks at a client's life as a "novel being written," and it emphasizes recurring themes that reveal how the client uses work to advance his or her life projects.

What is personal career theory? ›

A personal theory of career development defines the basic structure of the consulting, coaching, or counselling relationship. It also clearly identifies the practitioner's strengths, values, and beliefs.

What is the value of theory in careers guidance practice? ›

Theory provides a structure for interactions with clients to ensure they are purposeful and move towards identifiable outcomes. Theory creates the shared understanding and terminology that is a necessary pre-requisite for discussion and debate of practice, research and research in / on practice.

What does career development opportunity mean? ›

Career development opportunities are those that allow individuals to reach new levels of professionalism through areas like networking, continued education or skill advancement. This often results in obtaining jobs with more seniority or leadership responsibilities and, in doing so, increasing annual income.

What skills or knowledge would make you better at your current role? ›

  • 1 COMMUNICATION SKILLS (LISTENING, SPEAKING AND WRITING) ...
  • 2 ANALYTICAL AND RESEARCH SKILLS. ...
  • 3 FLEXIBILITY/ADAPTABILITY. ...
  • 4 INTERPERSONAL ABILITIES. ...
  • 5 ABILITY TO MAKE DECISIONS AND SOLVE PROBLEMS. ...
  • 6 ABILITY TO PLAN, ORGANISE AND PRIORITISE WORK. ...
  • 7 ABILITY TO WEAR MULTIPLE HATS. ...
  • 8 LEADERSHIP/MANAGEMENT SKILLS.
Jun 22, 2013

Why is lifelong learning important for long term career success? ›

By accumulating new knowledge and skills, you are more likely to develop new, ground-breaking ideas and solutions. At work, lifelong learning is essential to adapt to changes and seize new opportunities – it helps you become more flexible, which is a key skill for the modern workplace.

What are the 4 components of Counselling? ›

The basic stages of counseling are: 1) Developing the client/clinician relationship; 2) Clarifying and assessing the presenting problem or situation; 3) Identifying and setting counseling or treatment goals; 4) Designing and implementing interventions; and 5) Planning, termination, and follow-up.

What is the goal of social cognitive career theory? ›

Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) was developed to explain how individuals form career interests, set vocational goals, persist in work environments, and attain job satisfaction.

How is social cognitive career theory used? ›

Social cognitive career theory - YouTube

What are the five stages of the developmental model for career counseling? ›

What are the five stages of the developmental model for career counseling? In the developmental model what should clients focus on? In the Decision Skills Domain, the five stages referred to as the CASVE cycle, include: communication, analysis, synthesis, valuing and execution.

What are the 3 parts to career construction theory? ›

constitute the three main components of the career construction theory: life themes (why), professional personality (what) and career adaptability (how).

Why is career construction theory important? ›

It's important to understand what motivates people to take certain steps in life and pursue certain goals. The concept of career construction theory helps you understand how people build and construct careers. It focuses on listening to the story of a client and determining what the client values.

How does one achieve career maturity? ›

Attend classes and training sessions to increase your knowledge. New strategies and technologies relevant to just about every career are being introduced constantly. Stay up to date on your job and industry. Hold book clubs at work to develop knowledge, and share terminology, concepts, and team-building with coworkers.

What are the six values of work adjustment theory? ›

This work came to be known as the Theory of Work Adjustment. Further work by Rounds, Henly, Dawis, Lofquist, and Weiss (1981) expanded the theory and outlined 20 vocational needs along with six underlying values: Achievement, Comfort, Status, Altruism, Safety, and Autonomy.

What is Super theory of career development? ›

Super's theory of career development states that the life stages of growth and exploration are inherent to the process of acquiring knowledge of how one's interests and abilities align with the requirements of occupations. Virtually all high school students are in the exploratory stage of their career development.

Which of the following theories has been least successful in explaining career development? ›

Which of the following theories has been least successful in explaining career development? Roe's theory.

What is Mark Savickas theory? ›

Mark Savickas demonstrates his narrative counseling method for helping clients to fit work into their lives, rather than fit themselves to jobs. This approach looks at a client's life as a "novel being written," and it emphasizes recurring themes that reveal how the client uses work to advance his or her life projects.

What are the two major concepts of social cognitive career theory? ›

Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) seeks to explain three interrelated aspects of career development: (1) how basic academic and career interests develop, (2) how educational and career choices are made, and (3) how academic and career success is obtained.

What is Career construction Counselling? ›

Career construction counselling involves the search for a strategy to enable clients to author their career-life stories.

What is Holland's theory? ›

John Holland's Theory of Career Choice (RIASEC) maintains that in choosing a career, people prefer jobs where they can be around others who are like them. They search for environments that will let them use their skills and abilities, and express their attitudes and values, while taking on enjoyable problems and roles.

Which theorist is known for career construction theory? ›

Savickas, M. L. (2005). The theory and practice of career construction. Career development and counseling: Putting theory and research to work, 1, 42-70.

What is a career Construction interview? ›

The Career Construction Interview (CCI) is a five-question narrative-based assessment that helps facilitate the career decision-making process by illuminating people's values and how they wish to display that value to the world.

What is Super theory of career development? ›

Super's theory of career development states that the life stages of growth and exploration are inherent to the process of acquiring knowledge of how one's interests and abilities align with the requirements of occupations. Virtually all high school students are in the exploratory stage of their career development.

What are career theories? ›

Career development theory is the study of career paths, success and behavior. It aims to explain why a person might be a good fit for a certain career and provide advice on how to attain a promising trajectory.

What is the goal of social cognitive career theory? ›

Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) was developed to explain how individuals form career interests, set vocational goals, persist in work environments, and attain job satisfaction.

How is social cognitive career theory used? ›

Social cognitive career theory - YouTube

What is theory of work adjustment? ›

The Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) describes the relationship of the individual to his or her work environment. TWA was developed as the guiding framework for a program of research in vocational psychology, and this is the area of its greatest application today.

What is an effective method of experience identification? ›

What is an effective method of experience identification? Who suggested that functional/transferable skills can best be identified by using a "quick job hunting map." Besides helping clients who have lost their jobs cope with personal problems associated with job loss, what other approach is used.

What are the 6 career categories? ›

These codes consist of six personality types that the Department of Labor uses to classify careers.
  • Realistic.
  • Artistic.
  • Enterprising.
  • Social.
  • Conventional.
  • Investigative.
Jun 25, 2019

What are the 6 Holland Codes? ›

Holland proposes six personality types matched with six work environments: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional (summarized as RIASEC).

How do I apply for the Hollands theory? ›

Applications of Holland's theory of vocational choice involve assessing individuals in terms of two or three prominent personality types and then matching the respective types with the environmental aspects of potential careers.

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